15 April 2011

Heel Pain Causes and the Key to Treatment

Heel pain is a common complaint, especially among those who spend much of their time on their feet for the work, or who are involved in repetitive impact sports. The cause of this pain can be varied and should be a thorough investigation to ensure that good treatment is undertaken.First of all, there are two distinct areas which are often called "heel pain."Under the heel - the bit we stand on.At the back of the heel - the region of Achilles.Under the heel pain can be caused by a number of injuries. By far the most common is Plantar Fasciitis. It is an inflammation and degeneration of the fascia attaches to the bone of the heel, along the Arch of the foot. Symptoms include pain under the yoke, to the Interior and sometimes along the arc generally. It is often at its worst first thing in the morning or after long periods of rest.Other causes of pain under the yoke include a bruised heel which generally occurs after a fall or a repetitive impact the fat pad cushions the heel bone.A heel spur should also not be overlooked. They are often confused with Plantar Fasciitis and can cause the condition, however, the two can exist independently. A heel spur is bone growth under the heel which can be a free symptom or may cause pain under the yoke.Pain in the back of the heel is often attributed to Achilles tendon and related structures. Achilles TENDINOPATHY is a degenerative disease of the Achilles tendon attaches the muscles of the calf to the heel bone. It is a common injury, common and causes pain, stiffness and often antiquated sentiment in the tendon. It also is often worse in the morning.Other causes of pain in this area include Achilles tendon tears that have more than a TENDINOPATHY which tends to progressively develop a sudden onset. Achilles bursitis is an inflammation of the sac of fluid located between the tendon and heel bone. Again, it is usually an overuse injury and may be difficult to distinguish a TENDINOPATHY.In young athletes with pain in the back of the heel, should be considered the Sever disease. It's an osteochondroses similar to Osgood Schlatters disease of the knee. It occurs at outbreaks of sudden growth due to the attraction of the tendon on the growth on the back of the heel area. Young bones are still relatively mild and therefore the attraction of the Achilles on this area often translates into micro fractures and the development of a piece at the back of the heel.Once the cause of heel pain has been established, an appropriate treatment plan should begin. By reducing pain and inflammation are the first step, it is important to take into consideration and then correct the cause of the damage, especially in the overuse of injuries such as PF or TENDINOPATHY. Common causes include: tight Muscles of the calf.Biomechanical faulty foot - like overpronation or oversupination.Sudden increases or changes in training.Inadequate footwear.Wear high heels frequently.Without correction of the cause of the damage, the pain will return more likely once the resume normal activities.