11 April 2011

How to Protect Your Eyes From Glaucoma

Damage to the optic nerve of the eye is known as "Glaucoma" and this eye disease is now the leading cause of blindness in the United States. What causes this condition? Usually an increase in pressure in the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP).OK - we will take back and explain the disease change life in full.Fundamentally, our eyes contain a quantity of liquid. When and if this fluid pressure rises, it causes the pressure to the optic nerve of the eye - damage, which is responsible for sending Visual messages from the eye to the brain. The pressure is known as intraocular pressure (IOP).The most frightening disease is that it is rarely carries start by symptoms and is only discovered by a complete Visual examination. Therefore, today, experts recommend that some risk groups should have their eyes completely extracted same two years, to capture at the beginning of this disease and thus avoid vision loss. These groups include African Americans aged less than 40; people over 60 years, mainly Mexican Americans; and people with a family history of glaucoma.How glaucoma is tested? The doctor looks right in the eye through the pupil. There are many glaucoma tests, namely: gonioscopy (use of a lens to see the angle output channels). Tonometry (test to measure the pressure of the eye). Optic nerve of imaging (photographs within the eye). Pupillary reflex response; Retinal examination. Slit-lamp examination; Visual acuity. Measurement of the Visual field. Your doctor will be explain you in detail.If you are at the beginning, the treatment of Glaucoma can be very effective; the main objective, however, is to reduce the pressure of the eye. The type of glaucoma that you invariably will decide on whether if you will be treated with drugs or surgery. In all, there are four major types, namely: (acute) angle glaucoma; congenital glaucoma. secondary glaucoma; and the open angle (chronic) glaucoma.Angle (acute) glaucoma is an emergency! Usually it is very sudden, and if not treated quickly, people become blind within a few days. Symptoms may be something sudden pain in one eye, decreased or blurred vision, nausea and vomiting, rainbow-like halos around lights, red eyes, swollen eyes. Treatment involves drops, pills and medicine donated by the bias by IV. In the worst cases, people may need an operation of emergency, known as an iridotomy. The only way to save your vision with this version of glaucoma is rapid diagnosis and treatment. Then, you need regular follow-up with your doctor.Congenital glaucoma is hereditary and usually people are born with it and you'll notice generally it, when your child is age a few months. Watch for the signs include cloud cover of the front of the eye, the enlargement of an eye or eyes, red eyes, sensitivity to light and tear. In almost all cases, it is treated with surgery while the patient is under general anesthesia. If diagnosed and treated early, the patient will has generally no problems in the future and will not balance sheets from time to time.Secondary glaucoma is caused by drugs such as corticosteroids, eye diseases and systemic diseases. While open-angle glaucoma is the most common form of the disease and is described as a gradual of peripheral vision loss (side) (also known as tunnel vision). It is generally treated with a lot of success with eye drops, but some patients may also be give pills, while others may require a form any laser treatment. Although the State may not be fully healed, it can be managed to prevent vision loss. What is important is consistent with your doctor and to ensure an optimal vision with annual eye tests to verify that your glasses prescription is up-to-date and that you wear the correct glasses.In short, glaucoma, in General, is an eye disease that can affect anyone - if they have never worn glasses before or if they were glasses multifocal years. Basic information about are only if you have any sudden loss of vision or severe pain, an ophthalmologist immediately. as in this case, speed is really saving your view.