01 April 2011

Art in Canada

In the 1600s the Canada French settlers imported tables religious or ordered stocks subject to adorn their new churches. Only Samuel de Champlain, father of new-France ", is distinguished by his sketches of the Huron tribe." After the English conquest in the 1760s, art moved from religion policy, land and people. Officers of the army, as Thomas Davies (1737-1812), painted the fine detailed work, transmit their love of the landscape.Artists such as Robert Field (1769-1819), formed in neoclassicism, which was common in Europe at the time and has become very popular, as did Quebec painters Antoine Plamondon (1817-95) and Théophile Hamel (1817-70). Cornelius Krieghoff (1815-72) moved to Quebec and was famous for his scenes of snow of settlers and natives. His contemporary, Paul Kane (1810-71), saved the lives of First Nations in an epic journey through the Canada. He then completed more than a hundred sketches and paintings, which Mah Min, or feather, (c.1856) is one of the most impressive. In the 19th century, painters have focused on the Canadian landscape. Homer Watson (1855-1936) and Ozias Leduc (1855-1964) were the first artists to learn their trade in the Canada. Watson said: "I did not know enough to have Paris or Rome in mind...". I felt that Toronto had all I needed. "His paintings describe Ontario domestic scenes.After Confederation in 1867, the Royal Academy of Arts and the National Gallery of the Canada was founded in 1883. Artists could now form at home, but much remains to study in Paris. Curtis Williamson (1867-1944) and Edmund Morris (1871-1913) returned by France determined to revitalize their tired national art. They formed the Canadian Art Club in 1907, where it was shown new schools such as Impressionism.James Wilson Morrice (1865-1924), Maurice Cullen (1866-1934) and Marc Aurèle de Foy Suzor - Coté (1869-1937) were key figures in this movement toward modernity.Influence of PAINTERSThe modern European art has been criticized by perhaps the most influential set of Canadian artists, the Group of seven. Before the second world war, the artists of Toronto objected to the absence of a national identity in art.In the 1920s, the Group had defined Canadian painting in their landscapes with daring, such as Terre Sauvage of A.Y. Jackson (1913). Despite his premature death, painter Tom Thomson was a founding influence.Three painters who became known in the 1930s were influenced by the group but followed highly individual muses, each of the artists are distinguished by a passion for their own province. David Milne (1882-1953), known for his still lifes, LeMoine Fitzgerald (1890-1956) for its interior scenes and backyard and Emily Carr (1871-1945) again for its striking representation of the West Coast people Salish and their totem poles. Carr was the first woman artist to reach the high esteem. A writer as painter, his Renfrew poem (1929), describes his intense relationship with nature which is reflected in his paintings: "... in the distance after the aircraft... withdrawal plan cold Greens, gnarled stump of gray and brown.".The strong influence of the Group of seven has caused a reaction in the successive generations of painters. John Lyman (1866-1945) rejected the rugged nationalism of the group. Inspired by Matisse, it moves away with Earth as the dominant painting subject. Put Lyman in place society of art contemporain de Montréal and promoted new art between 1939-48; Surrealism even reached the city. Since the second world war, there has been an explosion of new forms based on abstraction.In Montreal, Paul-Émile Borduas (1905-60) and two of his colleagues formed the Automatistes, whose inspirations were the surrealism and abstract painters Impressionism.By the years 1950 reached internationally. Postwar trends were also returned to Toronto where the Group of eleven produced abstract paintings. Today, artists working in all of the movements of contemporary art, incorporating influences from around the world and the cultural mosaic of the Canada. The experimental work by painters such as Jack Bush, Greg Carnoe and Joyce Wieland continued strongly in the wake of the ideas of the 1960s. The Canada has now a plethora of public and private galleries and outstanding collections of art of the 20th century.